Causes of Hypertension and Precaution

Nearly 63% of total deaths in India are due to noncommunicable diseases, of which 27% are attributed to cardiovascular disease which affects 45% people in the 40-69 age group. Raised blood pressure is among the most important risk factors for CVDs. Blood pressure is the force exerted by circulating blood against the walls of the body’s arteries, the major blood vessels in the body.

Hypertension is when blood pressure is too high.

Hypertension is a chronic lifestyle disorder, wherein the first (systolic) number represents the pressure in blood vessels when the heart contracts or beats. The second (diastolic) number represents the pressure in the vessels when the heart rests between beats. In simpler terms it is known as high blood pressure.

Hypertension is diagnosed if, when it is measured on two different days, the systolic blood pressure readings on both days is ≥140 mmHg and/or the diastolic blood pressure readings on both days is ≥90 mmHg.

Hypertension is called a "silent killer". Most people with hypertension are unaware of the problem because it may have no warning signs or symptoms. For this reason, it is essential that blood pressure is measured regularly.

When symptoms do occur, they can include early morning headaches, nosebleeds, irregular heart rhythms, vision changes, and buzzing in the ears. Severe hypertension can cause fatigue, nausea, vomiting, confusion, anxiety, chest pain, and muscle tremors.


The common causes of the hypertension are as follows :

Stress: Stressful situations activates the sympathetic nervous system, wherein the blood pressure flow is increased in response to stressful situation. However, parasympathetic nervous system, eventually relaxes the bodily functions. Constant increase in blood pressure would lead to imbalance in the normal blood pressure level. "The high blood pressure becomes the new normal"


Sedentary lifestyle: Lack of physical activities and lack of balance not the diet is one of common causes of high blood pressure. It is advised at least 30 min of physical activities, 4-5 times in a week.


Imbalanced diet: Essential hypertension is also greatly influenced by diet and lifestyle. The link between salt and high blood pressure is especially compelling. Most people with high blood pressure are "salt sensitive," meaning that anything more than the minimal bodily need for salt is too much for them and increases their blood pressure.


Genetics: High blood pressure tends to run in families and is more likely to affect men than women. People who have hypertension running in their family are predisposed to high blood pressure. In such case one must make sure to follow a healthy life style as they are very likely to develop hypertension.


Though blood pressure is chronic and can last life long. It can be avoid avoided by following certain preventive measures.


Healthy lifestyle: Consuming healthy food, limited salt intake, avoiding alcohol, tobacco and caffeine can make a significant difference in keeping hypertension at bay. Being active and taking regular exercise lowers blood pressure by keeping your heart and blood vessels in good condition.

Regular exercise can also help you lose weight, which will also help lower your blood pressure.


Regular check-ups: One can check blood pressure at home. Checking blood pressure is quick and painless procedure. All you need is a digital blood pressure device to keep an eye on your blood pressure levels. Check out the wide range of Blood Pressure Monitors only on You can avail discounts on the same. Regular blood pressure check ups are highly recommended, if one is genetically predisposed to hypertension.


Stress management: Spending at few minutes everyday to destress oneself and significantly lower the blood pressure level. In these stressful times, it is crucial to relax, calm down and take moment for oneself.


Hypertension is also known as silent killer, it contributes to slow recovery, acting as a catalyst in making other chronic disorders lethal.