Surgical sutures are a medical device used in wound closure to hold body tissues together after an injury or surgery. The application of sutures involves the use of a needle with an attached thread. Sutures are available in various shapes, sizes, and thread materials which are used according to the type of wound and the part of the body being tended to. These surgical threads include materials such as catgut and silk, synthetic components that are either absorbable or non-absorbable in nature. Almost all medical professionals including surgeons, nurses, eye doctors, dentists, physicians, medics, and veterinarians engage in suturing.
The nature of this medical equipment necessitates the use of good and reliable quality sutures. Smart Medical Buyer is the perfect platform to buy sutures and other medical supplies online. They are currently running an offer on all Meril Endo surgery products. You can avail of a discount of 5% on any order above Rs.2,000 by using the discount code MERIL5.
There are many different techniques used while working with sutures. As you suture, you have two main goals to achieve: match the skin layers and evert the wound edges. A failure to match the skin layers on either side of the wound will result in improper healing and a large scar long after the wound is healed. Therefore, it is vital to have a clear understanding of the various techniques.
Some of the common techniques used are:
- Simple Interrupted: This is the most common and basic technique used in suturing. It is done in such a manner that even if a single surgical suture breaks, the rest will hold the laceration closed. It is a very versatile, quick, and easy technique.
- Vertical Mattress: This specific technique is used for wound edge eversion. It allows for precise approximation but with little tension. It works great on body parts with skin laxity such as elbows where the wound edges fall or fold into the tissue. It is used to reduce the tension on gaping wounds.
- Horizontal Mattress: This is another technique used for wound edge eversion. More frequently used in fascia than in the skin. This includes areas like the palms and soles of the feet. It is used when there is larger laceration with moderate or significant gapping as this technique shares the tension along the edges of the wound.
- Running Suture: This technique is used when time and length are a factor. It is used for smaller cuts. The risk involved in running sutures is that any break would result in the whole line failing and pulling out of sutures that might result in wound dehiscence.
Knowing these techniques will make you adept at wound closure and help in dealing with all types of injuries.