How to Control High Blood Pressure during Pregnancy?

Hypertension or commonly known as high blood pressure is a condition in which blood pressure shoots above 140/90 mm Hg. This condition during pregnancy is especially dangerous during pregnancy as it can adversely affect the fetus as well as the mother. High blood pressure, however, can be controlled; with the right steps and activities, one can ensure the duration of pregnancy is safe for both the mother and the fetus. It is advisable to keep a BP apparatus at home to stay on top of blood pressure measures. There are many reasons why high blood pressure develops during pregnancy. Some of the reasons are listed below:
  • Obesity
  • Inactivity
  • Previous Smoking Habits
  • Alcohol Intake
  • A family history of hypertension
  • Age

As a woman’s body undergoes many changes, and the total volume of blood increases by almost 45%, blood pressure during pregnancy moves towards the higher numbers. Doctors often recommend rennin inhibitors, ACE inhibitors, and angiotensin receptor blockers to keep high blood pressure in control. Depending on the severity of the spike, certain drugs or injections with syringe pump may also be advised. At home, expecting mothers can take care of the following to ensure that the blood pressure stays in control: 

Intake of green leafy vegetables Makes spinach, beet greens, arugula, kale, and romaine lettuce a more prominent part of your daily diet. Fresh vegetables give you enough nutrients and vitamins to nourish your entire system. 

Waking up early in the morning Waking up at sunrise can bring down your blood pressure levels to much lower levels. The ritual of waking up early in the morning will boost your metabolism, improve your digestive system, and clear out toxins from the body. Another aspect is the positive energy associated with waking up early that can immediately improve your mood, thereby lowering your blood pressure. 

Doing breathing exercises and Yoga Breathing exercises and Yoga regulate blood flow in the human body and energize all the body cells. Since it automatically removes toxins and stress from the body, these practices are especially good for people suffering from high blood pressure. There are many asanas in Yoga that can aid an expecting mother in improving mood, removing discomfort, and thus, lowering blood pressure. Brisk walks are also recommended during pregnancy. To summarise, regular exercise, a healthy diet, restful time, timely monitoring, and medications, if required, can play their role in controlling high blood pressure during pregnancy. For best advice and way forward, always be in touch with your consulting doctor.